The 5 basic sailor knots you have to know
We show you the five most basic sailor knots that you have to know.
Plain (or curl) knot
The plain knot or curl knot is one of the most elementary and useful sailor knots to learn. It is an easy knot to make and undo. It consists of making two simple knots, like the first one we do to tie the laces, but in opposite directions. Its function is to join two strings that will work in tension.
Eight knot (or lasca)
As the name implies, this sailor knot - also called lasca knot - is shaped like number eight. Although it can undergo a lot of pressure, it is easy to undo. Its function is to stop, that is, to finish off a rope that comes out of a hitch, hatch, pulley, guide, etc.
The crossbow knot is a simple sailor knot and can be undone if it does not receive continuous tension. You have to make a butt knot to secure it. It is ideal for attaching ropes to the handrail of the ship, for example.
It is, without a doubt, one of the most used knots on board. The guide ace is a fixed gauze that does not slip or fall apart, regardless of the tension to which it is subjected. It is normally used to hook the candle to the ropes.
Like the crossbow knot, the turned knot must always have a stable tension because otherwise it falls apart. It serves to join two ropes of different thickness but adds additional security. With this knot it is important that both whiskers remain on the same side, otherwise it would be more unstable. It is also crucial to keep in mind that the thinnest string is the one that should be used to make turns around the breast.
Today we are going to see the most used knots in nautical. The knots are very important when navigating for safety and are one of the most repeated tasks on board. If you want to get a nautical degree you have to know the basics and practice them until they leave you without thinking.